Call us on 079 848 740 48 for appointments
Back neck and muscularity problems
Written by Administrator
Wednesday, 09 November 2011 18:03

Back pain affects about 80% of adults at some time in their lives, and about 50% of people experience neck pain. Back pain and neck pain are among the MOST COMMON REASONS FOR DOCTOR VISITS, and are major causes of disability, lost work days, and high healthcare costs.

Acute Back Pain

Acute pain usually results from inflammation caused by irritation or injury, but quit often it has no known cause. This type of pain could have its origin located in the spinal joints, discs, vertebras, or soft tissues. Acute pain is primarily experienced in the lower back and it may also be called lumbago, idiopathic low back pain, lumbosacral strain or sprain, or sciatica.
Acute pain is usually constant and ranging in severity. It is commonly very sharp or a dull ache and can be more severe in one area, such as the centre or both sides the lower back. The pain may also spread to the buttocks, thighs, knees, or even feet.

Acute pain that aggravated by forward movement of the spine and worsened by coughing is typical of a herniated disc or stress fracture.

Chronic Back Pain

If a pain is not new, but has been troubling in more or less the same way and with much the same degree of severity for several months or more it can be considered as a chronic pain. This type of spine-related pain will normally described as deep, aching, dull or burning pain in one area of the back or travelling down the legs. Chronic pain is often combined with numbness, tingling, burning, or a “pins and needles” type sensation in the buttocks and legs.

Chronic back pain tends to last a long time, and is not relieved by standard treatments. It may result from a previous injury long since healed, or it may have an ongoing cause, such as nerve damage or arthritis

Neuropathic pain

Neuropathic pain has only been investigated relatively recently. In most types of neuropathic pain, all signs of the original injury are usually gone and the pain that one feels is unrelated to an observable injury or condition. With this type of pain, certain nerves continue to send pain messages to the brain even though there is no ongoing tissue damage.
Neuropathic pain, also know nerve pain or neuropathy, is very different from pain caused by an underlying injury. While it is not completely understood, it is thought that injury to the sensory or motor nerves in the peripheral nervous system can potentially cause neuropathy. Neuropathic pain could be placed in the chronic pain category but it has a different feel then chronic pain of a musculoskeletal nature.
Neuropathic pain feels different than musculoskeletal pain, and is often described with the following terms: severe, sharp, lancinating, lightning-like, stabbing, burning, cold, and/or ongoing numbness, tingling or weakness. It may be felt travelling along the nerve path from the spine down to the arms/hands or legs/feet. It’s important to understand neuropathic pain because it has very different treatment options from other types of pain.

Neck pain

Neck pain is very common but it’s not usually a sign that you have arthritis or any other medical condition. It’ll probably improve by itself or with simple self-help treatments within a few days.
Sometimes neck pain can be more persistent, or you may have symptoms besides pain and stiffness. You should speak to your doctor if this is the case

How does the neck work?

Your neck and back are made up of a column of bones stacked one on top of the other. This is called the spinal column. The bones that make up your spinal column are called vertebrae. They help to support your head and protect the spinal cord – the main nerve that links nerves throughout your body to your brain.
What are the symptoms of neck problems?

Pain and stiffness

Pain and stiffness are the most common symptoms of neck problems. Different neck problems can cause pain in different areas. You may feel it in:
• the middle of your neck or on one side
• your shoulder and shoulder blade
• upper chest
• the back or side of your head
• the centre of your head, behind your eye
• your ear.

What causes neck pain?

• The most common type of neck problem is non-specific neck pain. The symptoms include pain and stiffness, but there doesn’t seem to be an obvious cause. It may happen after sitting in a draught or after a minor twisting injury.
• The cause of non-specific neck pain isn’t fully understood, but it might be due to spasm in the muscles supporting your neck. This doesn’t mean that your neck is damaged. It often disappears after a few days

Why does neck pain become persistent?

Persistent neck pain may have a specific cause, such as a damaged facet joint or disc, but it can continue even after the original problem has settled down.
When you’re in pain your instinct may be to avoid normal activities and movement. If your neck pain lasts a while, this lack of movement can cause your neck muscles to become weak. They’ll then tire more easily and will be more vulnerable to further strain.
You may also lose confidence in your ability to carry on with your normal activities, which could affect your work, social life and personal relationships. You may feel anxious or depressed, which can put you off exercising. Your muscles become weaker, and so it goes on.
The longer the pain cycle continues the harder it’ll be for you to recover your movement and confidence.

Acute Neck Pain

Most episodes of acute neck pain are due to a muscle strain or other soft tissue sprain (ligaments, tendons). This type of injury can be caused by a sudden force (such as whiplash resulting from a car accident), or from straining the neck (such as a stiff neck from sleeping in the wrong position, or a strain from carrying a heavy suitcase).
Most minor injuries to the ligaments, tendons and muscles in the neck usually heal with time (a couple of days or weeks) because these soft tissues have a good blood supply to bring the necessary nutrients and proteins for healing to take place. Nonsurgical care, such as ice and/or heat, medications, Bowen treatment, physical therapy, and/or chiropractic or osteopathic manipulations can help alleviate the painful condition while it is healing.


Last Updated on Monday, 21 November 2011 15:57